Langenheim's performed varied research activities in plant ecology, paleobotany, and ethnobotany, with a focus on amber and other plant resins. In addition to publishing over 130 scientific papers and several books, including the definitive reference work, Plant Resins: Chemistry, Evolution, Ecology and Ethnobotany, she conducted ecological field expeditions in western regions of the United States, southern Mexico, Brazil, Colombia, Australia, New Zealand, Kenya, Angola, Ghana, and parts of the Amazon rainforest. Langenheim was awarded research grants from the National Science Foundation, the American Chemical Society, and several other granting agencies over the course of her career.
This section highlights some of Langenheim's field research activities. To learn more, see parts II-III in The Odyssey of a Woman Field Scientist.